|St John's Church, Parramatta (unsigned watercolour 1820s) State Library of NSW|
In January 1817, Governor Lachlan Macquarie granted James Gough and Ann Traits (nee Cain) permission to marry. On 11 February 1817 they were married at St John's Church at Parramatta by the Reverend Samuel Marsden. By then they had a son James born in 1815, and their daughter Mary would be born later that year. Another five children, Alexander, Louisa, Ann, Elizabeth and Phoebe would complete the family. Ann had previously married the sailor George Traits in November 1813, but it was a brief liason as he left the colony within three months.